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香蕉视频app安卓Dear Mr. Zuckerberg and Mr. Pichai,
In the past few years, you have pioneered important transparency tools to help your platform users understand, learn about and contextualise the political advertising they see. We agree that advertiser verification processes and ad repositories are key safeguards against online manipulation and misinformation. However, we are saddened to observe that these benefits have not been equally distributed among your global user base.
Each platform operates fluctuating and often widely differing transparency standards for different countries. While some users benefit from seeing political advertising in an ad repository, others do not. Where some users are offered detailed information about a political ad, others are not. There are no legitimate or otherwise publicly disclosed reasons justifying this difference in treatment.
The combined effect of these inconsistent policies is to create a two-tiered user base within each platform, with a wide regulatory gap separating the transparency haves and have-nots. We first highlighted these problems . While some progress has been made since, we are disappointed to conclude that the transparency divide persists.
Online transparency should not be a privilege of the few, but the right of all香蕉视频app安卓. To that end, the changes we believe are necessary are as follows:
Accelerate the expansion of full transparency tools to all countries where you operate to ensure that the least favoured countries benefit from the same level of transparency as the most favoured countries.
香蕉视频app安卓Develop, and make public, a plan of action setting out commitments and related timescales to roll out full transparency tools globally.
Disclose the full array of criteria, both past and present, used to select countries qualifying for higher transparency standards.
香蕉视频app安卓The above changes, which we believe to be fair and reasonable, are only a starting point to begin to correct the current platform-created inequality between users. By contrast, the benefits are conclusive: heightened transparency standards for millions of users worldwide, and increased legitimacy of online political advertising for the sake of fair and informed decision-making by voters.
香蕉视频app安卓We urge you to take responsibility as two of the most influential platforms in online political campaigning, and empower users and voters with heightened ads transparency.
Africa Freedom of Information Centre (AFIC)
Aliansi Jurnalis Independen/Alliance of Independent Journalists (AJI)
ARTICLE 19 México y Centroamérica
香蕉视频app安卓Asociación Derechos Civiles
Asociación para una Ciudadanía Participativa, ACI Participa
Associação Data Privacy Brasil de Pesquisa
Association for International Affairs (AMO) in Prague
香蕉视频app安卓Association for Progressive Communications (APC)
香蕉视频app安卓Association pour le Developpement Integré et la Solidarité Interactive (ADISI-C)
Centre for Independent Journalism Malaysia (CIJ-M)
Collaboration on International ICT Policy for East and Southern Africa (CIPESA)
Balazs Denes, Civil Liberties Union for Europe
Bytes for All (B4A)
香蕉视频app安卓Democracy Reporting International (DRI)
Digital Rights Foundation
Electronic Frontier Finland
香蕉视频app安卓Electronic Frontier Norway
EU Disinfo Lab
香蕉视频app安卓Fundación Huaira de Quito-Ecuador
香蕉视频app安卓Fundación Internet Bolivia
香蕉视频app安卓Free Media Movement (FMM)
香蕉视频app安卓Global Forum for Media Development
Instituto Brasileiro de Defesa do Consumidor
香蕉视频app安卓Intervozes - Coletivo Brasil de Comunicação Social
Irish Council for Civil Liberties (ICCL)
香蕉视频app安卓Laboratorio de Datos y Sociedad (DATYSOC)
Media Foundation for West Africa (MFWA)
香蕉视频app安卓Media Institute of Southern Africa MISA- Zimbabwe
香蕉视频app安卓Media Matters for Democracy
Merit Legal Advocacy & Human Rights Initiative (MELAHRI)
Paradigm Initiative (PIN)
R3D: Red en Defensa de los Derechos Digitales
Stiftung Neue Verantwortung (SNV)
香蕉视频app安卓Sursiendo, Comunicación y Cultura Digital AC
香蕉视频app安卓The Tor Project
Who Targets Me
World Wide Web Foundation